Henry Charles Anstey, very likely a member of the Twillingate Ansteys (see below for our evidence backing this up), was born in July 1872 in Sheerness to parents James Anstey and Esther Elizabeth Billings. He grew up in Sheerness and had become an Apprentice Engine Fitter at Sheerness Dockyard by c1890. In 1895 he married Elizabeth Ellen Wilton at St Jude in East Brixton.
At the outbreak of World War One in 1914, Henry, by this time a highly experienced Naval Engineer, offered his services to the Royal Navy and was advised to retain his position in Chile (see his obituary below), but in 1917 he resigned that appointment and returned to England, being attached to the Admiralty as ‘Deputy Assistant Director of Materials and Priority‘ to help the war effort.
A detailed obituary of Henry appears in ‘Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers‘ Volume 144 Issue 1 page 140. It reads:
“Eng. Commr. HENRY CHARLES ANSTEY, O.B.E., R.N., ret., who was born in 1872, had a distinguished career both in the Royal Navy and in the engineering profession. After serving as engine fitter apprentice at Sheerness dockyard from 1887 to 1891, he obtained an Admiralty Scholarship and entered the Royal Naval Engineering College, Devonport, as engineer student. He entered the Royal Navy as assistant engineer in 1892 and underwent a special course of study at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, until 1895, serving during vacations as junior engineer officer on H.M. ships Apollo, Benbow and others. He was senior engineer of HMS Polyphemus from 1896 to 1899, and was in charge of the machinery of the Angler and other ships until he went, in 1901, to the Admiralty for three years, during which time he was engaged on experiments in the use of liquid fuel, and on internal combustion engines. He resigned from the active list and was placed on the emergency list in July 1904, when he secured the position of manager to Messrs. R. Hornsby and Son, Ltd., at Grantham, where he was engaged in pioneer work connected with the use of oil engines for marine purposes. In 1910 he accepted the post of engineer-in-chief to the Chilian Navy and soon became head of the Department of Naval Construction in Chile. On his return to England, he rejoined the active list of the Navy, and from 1917 to 1919 held the post of Deputy Assistant Director of Materials and Priority at the Admiralty. He was responsible for the design of a special type of vessel for salvage work, several of which were built for the Admiralty. On reverting to the retired list in 1919, he was awarded the O.B.E. He then became manager of the copper and brass works of Messrs. T. Bolton and Sons, Widnes, and held that position up to the time of his death, which occurred on 17th May 1940. Commander Anstey was elected a Member of the Institution in 1905, and was also a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Institution of Naval Architects.”
At the time of Henry’s 1940 death, he was living at Thornbury Hall, Cheadle.
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Connecting Henry Charles Anstey (b 1872) to the Twillingate Ansteys
According to the 1881 Census, Henry Charles‘ father James Anstey was born in c1831 in Rochester, Kent, which is a mile from Chatham. So we know that James‘ parents are Charles Anstey and Mary Gavine, who married in Frindsbury, near Chatham in Kent on 31 October 1819. They had children (all baptised in Chatham):
- Charles William Anstey (b 1821);
- Sarah Mary Anstey (b 1824);
- Martha Anstey (b 1826);
- William Anstey (b 1827);
- Elizabeth Anstey (b 1830);
- James Anstey (b 1832 – father of Henry Charles Anstey)
In all of these baptisms Charles (father) was described as a ‘mariner’ or ‘seaman’ (which supports our supposition that he is from Twillingate). We believe (but lack the definitive evidence) that Charles (father) was born in 1800 in Twillingate, Canada to father Thomas Anstey (b c1770 Twillingate). Charles Anstey and Mary must have returned to Twillingate in the late 1830s because they had another daughter:
- Keiza Anstey (b 1840 Bluff Head, Twillingate)
Bizarrely when Charles Anstey and Mary returned to Twillingate, they did not take Sarah (b 1824), Martha (b 1826) or James (b 1832) with them, because those three children were living in Minster, Sheppey, Kent in the 1841 Census with an “Elizabeth Anstey” aged 35 who was presumably a relative of Charles. James (b 1832) was a shopman (servant) in Minster in the 1851 Census.
To confirm this link we could do with some solid documentary evidence proving that Keiza Anstey (born in Twillingate) is sister to James Anstey (born in Chatham), or that James‘s father Charles Anstey was definitely born in Twillingate.
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